Situated in Bagan, Myanmar, Mahabodhi Temple was originally constructed in the 13th century and later repaired after the severe 1975 earthquake. It is a replica of India’s Mahobodhi Temple (Great Awakening Temple), a World Heritage Site in Bodh Gaya which was where Buddha entered enlightenment.
Mahabodhi Temple was built in 1215 AD, under the reign of King Zeyatheinkha. Needless to say, because of its strong Indian influence, the temple is unlike other Buddhist constructions in Bagan. The temple contains a pyramidal tower placed on a square base, filled with rich exterior ornamentation. In addition, there are more than 450 Buddha images enclosed in countless alcoves not only on 4 sides of the tower but also on the two cornered stupas and on the walls of the below two-storey base.
In 1975, the temple was heavily damaged by earthquake. The repairing process was conducted from 1976 to 1979; and in 1991-1992, Mahabodhi Temple was strengthened.